This page is the continuation of the activities in previous years please read them to complete the information at http://www.cimpa-icpam.org/spip.php?article468 and the pages there referred.
The countries included in this region are at least 16. Pakistan, India, Nepal, Irak, Iran, Turquie and Bangladesh, Afganistan, Buthan, Sri Lanka, Kazastan, Uzbekistan, Tazjekistan, Azerbaian and Armenia. In most of them the level of cooperation is really poor. We can start simply by saying that only in the first 7 in the previous list CIMPA has some activity going on, and there have been 9 CIMPA schools in the last three calls in the whole region, comparing with 27 in Latin America.
But unfortunately this is not because there is no need. In fact the level of development in mathematics in most of those countries, except of course India, is extremely poor. Most of them have no mathematical society, and they do not belong to the biggest society in Asia, SEAMS, so there is no a natural institution that could function as a net of working for mathematics.
There are two main problems to be pointed out.
1) First is the way of teaching at university level. Assisting to regular courses in mathematics at the university, we notice that there is no any difference in the way of teaching mathematics, or human science. The importance is given to memorize the statement of the theorems, and no problems are given to be solved. NOT A SINGLE ONE. The exam that the students has to pass to overtake a subject is simply a collection of statements of theorems.
2) But the previous problem does not mean that there are no very bright students. And then the second problem appear since, for them, there is no way of continuing their mathematical career, which would be good for them and also for the country.
As a partial response to the first problem we have launched the WAMS program. A program designed to bring speakers to developing countries to teach intensive courses in fundamental mathematics at master level. The intention is not only to make links between speakers and advanced students, but also to teach how to teach, so we expect local scholars also to attend these courses.
But WAMS could also serve to address the second problem. Indeed, with intensive courses, highly focused in doing problem sessions we can localize bright students.
But of course, WAMS is far from being a solution. Just a small movement.Then we need to provide, or even create programs to bring those students to develop countries to start, continue, and finish their career in mathematics. Funding is highly insufficient today for these type of actions.
We can extract a conclusion : A very strong effort needs to be done in this region, with human resources and funds, to improve the development in mathematics.
The french embassy is willing to help in our activities all over the region. We need to create contact with other embassies, and in particular with the spanish, the norwegian, and swiss embassy in every different country.
We had an agreement with NBHM and in particular with his director Balasubramanian to support every CIMPA school in India 4 years ago. This was a really good option that, unfortunately, is now gone. Said so, our experience in the last school in India was excellent, and supported by the main agencies in the country DST and NMI, and we can
expect this to continue in the future.
The good news are that we are developing a concrete line of research on numerical methods in India with the schools of Bangalore, Mumbia, and a proposal for 2017 in Kanpur, with very good support of foreign speakers of very high mathematical level, and a strong link with CIMPA.
Also, in another subject as geometric flows, has appeared a CIMPA school next December, 2016 in Kolkata.
Two more projects have been selected as CIMPA schools in India. One in Pune in non commutative algebra, and the other one in Kanpur, following the line started in Bangalore in 2013 in numerical methods.
The situation in Irak is definitely very subtle, and our program had to be stopped during almost the whole 2015. However, from 20 to 29 December we could complete the program accepted under WAMS, and we had a very succesful school in Erbil. The subject of the school on Boundary value problems and approximations is starting to be a new line of research on the area and the speakers of the school Fatima abboud, and Abdeljalil Nachaoui have been invited to give another workshop in Sulaimanyan university, also in Kurdistan.
It is however a region to be aware and the global situation is not at all normal. For example there is a problem with the budget of Kurdistan, due to the relation with central government in Iraq, which makes delays of more than two months in the salary of professors at the university. This also affect our actions in Kurdistan and, in particular, intensive courses are difficult to organize without the financial help of Iraki universities.
Other sources are as in previous years the University of Salahaddin, Dohuk University and the autonomus government of Kurdistan Irak.
Workshops [http://science.su.edu.krd/workshops/ ]
Even that Kurdistan and the french embassy support fully our program of workshops, we could not realize any of the workshops programed due to the unstable political situation.
We expect to transfer the funds to the next year 2016, and that the french embassy
continues with their fully support on the activity.
In 2016 we are able to continue our activities and we have already had the workshop of Michel Jambu in April, on special functions. We will have another one by Jorge Urroz in August in Number Theory and Criptography, Jaroslaw Wozniak and Abdeljalil Nachaoui in October.
Also, in December we will celebrate the WAMS school this time on boundary problems.
After the CIMPA school on Teselations last August in Ispahan, cooperation with Iran
is going very well. We have started a new workshops program similar to the program in Iran, and the first of the series, fully supported by the french embassy will take place at the university of Tehran, in September 2016. Appart from that there are now connections with IPM and its strong group of mathematical biology has made a proposal for a CIMPA school. Also, the group of Hirbod Assa in financial mathematics starting to make a link with CIMPA.
We need to mention the terrible earthquake on 25 April 2015. Among other things accepted Nepali participants on different CIMPA schools, needed to cancel their participation in the last moment. CIMPA did a special effort to admit them in other events, and for example 11 nepalies went to the seams school in number theory in Vietman in September 2015.
We are glad to say that a WAMS proposal has been accepted and will be running in 2016. This is the restart of a cooperation with ASSMS, Lahore, interrupted since the changed of the director of the institution, and once the security conditions are sufficient to cooperate.
6 WAMS There has been two accepted proposal for WAMS, 2016 in Pakistan, and Erbil, Irak. The security is guaranteed by now, after checking directly with the two corresponding french embassies in the area.
[Jorge Jimenez Urroz] Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya, Campus Nord, edifici C3, C. Jordi Girona, 1-3, 08034 Barcelona, Spain. Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
[Elisa Gorla] Institut de Mathematiques, Rue Emile-Argand, 11, CH-2000, Neuchatel, Switzerland. Email : email@example.com
May, 15, 2016
report by Prof Khidr. - 211 ko
report by Djafari of CIMPA school in Erbil - 80.5 ko
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